Dhekelia( Europe )


Dx-lgflag.gif Dx large locator.gif Dx-map.gif

Background:
By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The larger of these is the Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area.
Geography
Location:
Eastern Mediterranean, on the southeast coast of Cyprus near Famagusta
Geographic coordinates:
34 59 N, 33 45 E
Area:
total: 130.8 sq km
note: area surrounds three Cypriot enclaves
Area comparative:
about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
total: 108 km
border countries: Cyprus 108 km
Coastline:
27.5 km
Maritime claims:
Climate:
temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Terrain:
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources:
Land use:
Irrigated land:
Total renewable water resources:
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic or industrial or agricultural):
Natural hazards:
Environment current issues:
netting and trapping of small migrant songbirds in the spring and autumn
Environment international agreements:
Geography note:
British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus; of the Sovereign Base Area land 60% is privately owned and farmed, 20% is owned by the Ministry of Defense, and 20% is SBA Crown land
People and Society
Nationality:
Ethnic groups:
Languages:
English, Greek
Religions:
Population:
approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 service and UK based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Age structure:
Dependency ratios:
Median age:
Population growth rate:
Birth rate:
Death rate:
Net migration rate:
Urbanization:
Major urban areas population:
Sex ratio:
Infant mortality rate:
Maternal mortality rate:
Life expectancy at birth:
Total fertility rate:
Contraceptive prevalence rate:
Health expenditures:
Physicians density:
Hospital bed density:
Drinking water source:
Sanitation facility access:
HIV or AIDS adult prevalence rate:
HIV or AIDS people living with HIV or AIDS:
HIV or AIDS deaths:
Obesity adult prevalence rate:
Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
Education expenditures:
Literacy:
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
Child labor children ages 5-14:
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
Government
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Dhekelia
Government type:
Capital:
name: Episkopi Cantonment (base administrative center for Akrotiri and Dhekelia); located in Akrotiri
geographic coordinates: 34 40 N, 32 51 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions:
Independence:
National holiday:
Constitution:
presented 3 August 1960, effective 16 August 1960; amended 1966 (The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, serves as a basic legal document) (2013)
Legal system:
laws applicable to the Cypriot population are, as far as possible, the same as the laws of the Republic of Cyprus; note - the Sovereign Base Area Administration has its own court system to deal with civil and criminal matters
International law organization participation:
Suffrage:
Executive branch:
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
head of government: Administrator Air Vice Marshall Graham STACEY (since 4 November 2010); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defense
elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; the administrator appointed by the monarch
Legislative branch:
Judicial branch:
highest court(s): Senior Judges' Court (consists of several visiting judges from England and Wales)
judge selection and term of office: judges appointment and tenure NA
subordinate courts: Resident Judges' Court; Courts Martial
Political parties and leaders:
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation:
Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
the flag of the UK is used
National symbol(s):
National anthem:
note: as a United Kingdom area of special sovereignty, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
Economy
Economy overview:
Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Dhekelia. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
GDP (official exchange rate):
GDP real growth rate:
GDP per capita (PPP):
Gross national saving:
GDP composition, by end use:
GDP composition, by sector of origin:
Agriculture products:
Industries:
none
Industrial production growth rate:
Labor force:
Labor force by occupation:
Unemployment rate:
Population below poverty line:
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Distribution of family income Gini index:
Budget:
Taxes and other revenues:
Budget surplus or deficit:
Public debt:
Fiscal year:
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Central bank discount rate:
Commercial bank prime lending rate:
Stock of narrow money:
Stock of broad money:
Stock of domestic credit:
Market value of publicly traded shares:
Current account balance:
Exports:
Exports commodities:
Exports partners:
Imports:
Imports commodities:
Imports partners:
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
Debt external:
Stock of direct foreign investment at home:
Stock of direct foreign investment abroad:
Exchange rates:
note: uses the euro
Energy
Electricity production:
Electricity consumption:
Electricity exports:
Electricity imports:
Electricity installed generating capacity:
Electricity from fossil fuels:
Electricity from nuclear fuels:
Electricity from hydroelectric plants:
Electricity from other renewable sources:
Crude oil production:
Crude oil exports:
Crude oil imports:
Crude oil proved reserves:
Refined petroleum products production:
Refined petroleum products consumption:
Refined petroleum products exports:
Refined petroleum products imports:
Natural gas production:
Natural gas consumption:
Natural gas exports:
Natural gas imports:
Natural gas proved reserves:
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
Communications
Telephones mobile cellular:
Telephone system:
Telephones main lines in use:
Broadcast media:
British Forces Broadcast Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite TV service as well as BFBS radio broadcasts to the Dhekelia Sovereign Base (2009)
Internet country code:
Internet users:
Internet hosts:
Transportation
Airports:
Airports with paved runways:
Airports with unpaved runways:
Heliports:
Pipelines:
Railways:
Roadways:
Merchant marine:
Ports and terminals:
Military
Military branches:
Military service age and obligation:
Manpower available for military service:
Manpower fit for military service:
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
Military expenditures:
Transnational Issues
Disputes international:
Refugees and internally displaced persons:
Trafficking in persons: